Nestled in the heart of the lush Western Ghats of India, Periyar National Park stands as a testament to the incredible biodiversity and natural beauty of the region. With its dense forests, serene lakes, and diverse wildlife, this national park has captivated the hearts of nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. In this article, we will take you on a virtual journey through the enchanting Periyar National Park, exploring its rich history, diverse flora and fauna, and the various activities it offers to visitors.

The Origins of Periyar National Park

A Historical Perspective

Periyar National Park, also known as Periyar Tiger Reserve, has a rich historical and cultural background. It was established in 1982 and covers an area of approximately 925 square kilometers. The park derives its name from the Periyar River, which flows through it, and the majestic Western Ghats that cradle it.

Flora and Fauna

A Biodiversity Hotspot

One of the most remarkable features of Periyar National Park is its incredible biodiversity. The park is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers. Here, you can find:

1. Majestic Tigers

Periyar is renowned for its tiger population. The park is home to a significant number of Bengal tigers, which are often spotted by lucky visitors during safari excursions.

2. Elephants Galore

The park is also famous for its large elephant population. These gentle giants roam freely in their natural habitat, providing an awe-inspiring sight for visitors.

3. Exotic Birdlife

Birdwatchers will be delighted by the diverse avian species in the park. From the vibrant Malabar pied hornbill to the elusive great hornbill, there’s something for every bird enthusiast.

4. Lush Flora

The park’s lush greenery includes a wide array of plant species, including the aromatic cardamom and numerous medicinal herbs.

Exploring Periyar

Activities for Adventurers

Periyar National Park offers a plethora of activities to immerse visitors in its natural wonders. Here are some of the exciting experiences you can enjoy:

1. Jungle Safaris

Embark on a thrilling jungle safari to catch glimpses of the park’s elusive wildlife. The excitement of spotting a tiger or a herd of wild elephants in their natural habitat is unparalleled.

2. Boat Cruises

Take a tranquil boat cruise on the serene Periyar Lake. These cruises not only offer a unique perspective of the park but also provide an opportunity to spot wildlife congregating near the water’s edge.

3. Nature Walks

For those who prefer a more intimate connection with nature, guided nature walks are available. These walks offer insights into the park’s flora, fauna, and the intricate ecosystems that support them.

Conservation Efforts

Protecting the Wilderness

Periyar National Park has been at the forefront of wildlife conservation in India. The park’s dedicated staff and conservationists work tirelessly to protect its unique ecosystem and the endangered species it harbors.


Periyar National Park is a treasure trove of natural beauty and wildlife wonders. Whether you are an adventure seeker, a nature lover, or simply someone looking to escape into the wild, this national park has something magical to offer. Explore the lush forests, spot majestic tigers, and cruise on the serene lake—it’s an experience you won’t forget.

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